This most famous and sophisticated of all Italian spas, Montecatini Terme is found in Tuscany. It was Archduke Leopold I of Tuscany (Pietro Leopoldo) who began to use the sulphuric springs frequently during the late 18th century, thereby prompting the general development of the little town beneath the hill, as a new spa town destination.
Officially, the origin of the spa dates to 1773. But the spa still has the atmosphere of the beginning of the 20th century, the era of its greatest prosperity, when most of the spa buildings, hotels and villas were built, including the baths, casinos, theatres, churches and private houses.
In the centre of this spa town is a vast landscape park with numerous spa facilities. Among the most significant spa complexes there are Terme Tettuccio, Terme Regina, Terme Torretta, Terme Tamerici and Terme Excelsior. Especially typical of Montecatini Terme are its elegant colonnades, most of which were completed during the first half of the 20th century and led to the town being nick-named ‘the Italian Carlsbad’. Numerous celebrities visited Montecatini including actors, writers, music composers, artists, and royal families.https://www.tomontecatini.com