Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad) – founded in the early 19th century period of Classicism – is one of the most spacious spa towns in Europe. The town’s planners turned the surrounding, unpleasant swampy valley into a charming place of parks, with Classicist and Empire houses, gloriettes, pavilions and colonnades.
The core of the spa town is a central park with the Spa Colonnade in the wider part of the forested valley. The spa ensemble encircles this central park, rising to the surrounding hills and along the valley floor. Classicist spa buildings dominate the architectural concept of the town. Spa architecture, houses and villas dating back to the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century prevail. They represent a variety of architectural styles ranging from Historicism to Art Nouveau.
Well-preserved spa treatment buildings and hotels, as well as various structures above the springs and colonnades, form the town’s most characteristic vistas. The international significance of the town is reflected in its churches of various denominations. The character of spa classifies it as one of Europe’s most cosmopolitan spa towns.https://www.marianskelazne.cz