Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) is the biggest spa town in the Czech Republic with a high concentration of natural thermal springs. The spa area spreads out across a deep, picturesque valley of the Teplá River, surrounded by a steep gorge of rocky outcrops and forested hills offering impressive prospect vantage points.
This picturesque ensemble was created between the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, in the styles of Historicism and Art Nouveau by the world-renowned design studio of F. Fellner and H. Helmer from Vienna, the great visionaries who anticipated the importance of Karlovy Vary.
As well as the concentrated and compact spa hotels and boarding houses in the valley, the town is characterized by noble villa districts on the slopes of the valley and in the more distant suburbs. The complex is complemented by parks and forests containing a number of outstanding solitary pavilions, including outlook towers and summerhouses, complemented with an extensive network of trails and rides.
Karlovy Vary is cosmopolitan in character, atmospheric and stylish. The spa clientele comprised European heads-of-states and royal families, noblemen, statesmen and politicians, famous writers, music composers and scientists. The international significance of the town is reflected in churches of several faiths.https://www.karlovyvary.cz