Great Spas

UNESCO nomination



Bad Ems

Bad Kissingen


Baden bei Wien

City of Bath

Františkovy Lázně

Karlovy Vary

Mariánské Lázně

Montecatini Terme




General Information

Criteria II

Criteria III

Criteria IV

Criteria VI

Nomination documents


Baden bei Wien

Welcome to Baden bei Wien

Known in Roman times as Aquae in Baden, the health cure developed here as a combination of medicine and entertainment. From 1792, Baden entered into a golden age with the reign of Emperor Franz II/I , leading to the creation of the internationally famous spa resort of the 1900s. Renowned architects such as Louis Montoyer, Charles Moreau and Joseph Kornhäusel formed the townscape. The spa gardens, the town centre with the imperial residence and the town hall, the Biedermeier baths and the Sauerhof are evidence of this period.

The Arcadian landscape of the Helen Valley attracts countless visitors to this day. Ludwig van Beethoven spent many summers in Baden and composed numerous works, including his Symphony No. 9, while Clemens Lothar Wenzel Prince Metternich planned the Congress of Vienna together with Emperor Franz in the Palais Attems (today’s Café Central).

The Emperor and his brothers established summer residences in the spa town. Until the end of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy the Habsburgs remained a defining element of Baden. The town’s inclusion on the railway network in 1840 reduced the journey time from Vienna to under an hour. Every summer, high nobility, financial-aristocracy, high-ranking officialdom and the military gave Baden the urbane flair of a metropolis. From 1885, the villas of these guests, together with characteristic spa resort buildings such as assembly rooms, hotels and the theatre made up an extraordinary urban ensemble. The pre-war boom continued until the Great Depression of 1929. The thermal bathing lido, pump rooms and the Krupka pleasure grounds of the spa gardens with the Beethoven temple are an important contribution to Baden’s substantial contribution as one of The Great Spas of Europe.


Villa Eugen
Main square
Spa park
Summer arena
Original source

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