Great Spas

UNESCO nomination



Bad Ems

Bad Kissingen


Baden bei Wien

City of Bath

Františkovy Lázně

Karlovy Vary

Mariánské Lázně

Montecatini Terme




General Information

Criteria II

Criteria III

Criteria IV

Criteria VI

Nomination documents



Welcome to Baden-Baden

Baden-Baden, on the western outskirts of the Black Forest, is without doubt one of the most important spa centres in Europe. Bathing in Baden-Baden is a tradition dating back to Roman times. The city was systematically redeveloped as a modern spa town from the early 19th century.

Located in the valley of the river Oos, the town extends to the slopes of the surrounding landscape. It is composed of several areas of specific types of buildings and ensembles which represents one of the most internationally famous and frequented spa of the 19th century – ‘The Summer Capital of Europe’.

The historic bath district incorporates the twelve thermal springs, the Roman bath ruins, a rare example of a baroque bath inside the New Castle, and finally the Friedrichsbad (1877) – all testament to the innovative balneology of the late 19th century.

There is a well-preserved new spa district. This includes one of the earliest preserved European example of a Kurhaus , built by Friedrich Weinbrenner which was originally called the Trinkhalle (1839-42) by Heinrich Hübsch, and the Theatre (1860-62), designed by French architects. Among further areas representing the great spa town are several villa districts with churches and temples representing different religions.

There are also a wide number of great historic hotels, such as Badischer Hof (1807) which is known as the first Grand Hotel in Germany, as well as parks and green spaces. Internationally-renowned artists, composers including Hector Berlioz, Jacques Offenbach, Johannes Brahms and Clara Schumann, and writers such as Ivan Turgenev, Fyodor Dostoyevsky had a further impact on Baden-Baden’s special atmosphere.


Russian church
Spa house
Benazet Pavilion at the Lichtentaler Allee
Friedrichsbad spa
Baroque bath

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